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  • php常用方法匯總

    1. PHP可閱讀隨機字符串

      此代碼將創建一個可閱讀的字符串,使其更接近詞典中的單詞,實用且具有密碼驗證功能。


    /************** *@length - length of random string (must be a multiple of 2) **************/
     functiоn readable_random_string($length = 6){ $conso=array("b","c","d","f","g","h","j","k","l", "m","n","p","r","s","t","v","w","x","y","z"); $vocal=array("a","e","i","o","u"); $password=""; srand ((double)microtime()*1000000); $max = $length/2; for($i=1; $i<=$max; $i++) { $password.=$conso[rand(0,19)]; $password.=$vocal[rand(0,4)]; } return $password; }

      2. PHP生成一個隨機字符串

      如果不需要可閱讀的字符串,使用此函數替代,即可創建一個隨機字符串,作為用戶的隨機密碼等。

    /************* *@l - length of random string */ 
    functiоn generate_rand($l){ $c= "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789"; srand((double)microtime()*1000000); for($i=0; $i<$l; $i++) { $rand.= $c[rand()%strlen($c)]; } return $rand; }

      3. PHP編碼電子郵件地址

      使用此代碼,可以將任何電子郵件地址編碼為 html 字符實體,以防止被X郵件程序收集。

    functiоn encode_email($email='info@domain.com', $linkText='Contact Us', $attrs ='class="emailencoder"' ) { // remplazar aroba y puntos $email = str_replace('@', '@', $email); $email = str_replace('.', '.', $email); $email = str_split($email, 5); $linkText = str_replace('@', '@', $linkText); $linkText = str_replace('.', '.', $linkText); $linkText = str_split($linkText, 5); $part1 = '<a href="ma'; $part2 = 'ilto:'; $part3 = '" '. $attrs .' >'; $part4 = '</a>'; $encoded = '<script type="text/javascript">'; $encoded .= "document.write('$part1');"; $encoded .= "document.write('$part2');"; foreach($email as $e) { $encoded .= "document.write('$e');"; } $encoded .= "document.write('$part3');"; foreach($linkText as $l) { $encoded .= "document.write('$l');"; } $encoded .= "document.write('$part4');"; $encoded .= '</script>'; return $encoded; }

      4. PHP驗證郵件地址

      電子郵件驗證也許是中最常用的網頁表單驗證,此代碼除了驗證電子郵件地址,也可以選擇檢查郵件域所屬 DNS 中的 MX 記錄,使郵件驗證功能更加強大。

    functiоn is_valid_email($email, $test_mx = false) { if(eregi("^([_a-z0-9-]+)(\.[_a-z0-9-]+)*@([a-z0-9-]+)(\.[a-z0-9-]+)*(\.[a-z]{2,4})$", $email)) if($test_mx) { list($username, $domain) = split("@", $email); return getmxrr($domain, $mxrecords); } else return true; else return false; }

      5. PHP列出目錄內容

    functiоn list_files($dir) { if(is_dir($dir)) { if($handle = opendir($dir)) { while(($file = readdir($handle)) !== false) { if($file != "." && $file != ".." && $file != "Thumbs.db") { echo '<a target="_blank" href="'.$dir.$file.'">'.$file.'</a><br>'."\n"; } } closedir($handle); } } }

      6. PHP銷毀目錄

      刪除一個目錄,包括它的內容。

    /***** *@dir - Directory to destroy *@virtual[optional]- whether a virtual directory */ 
    functiоn destroyDir($dir, $virtual = false) { $ds = DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR; $dir = $virtual ? realpath($dir) : $dir; $dir = substr($dir, -1) == $ds ? substr($dir, 0, -1) : $dir; if (is_dir($dir) && $handle = opendir($dir)) { while ($file = readdir($handle)) { if ($file == '.' || $file == '..') { continue; } elseif (is_dir($dir.$ds.$file)) { destroyDir($dir.$ds.$file); } else { unlink($dir.$ds.$file); } } closedir($handle); rmdir($dir); return true; } else { return false; } }

      7. PHP解析 JSON 數據

      與大多數流行的 Web 服務如 twitter 通過開放 API 來提供數據一樣,它總是能夠知道如何解析 API 數據的各種傳送格式,包括 JSON,XML 等等。

    $json_string='{"id":1,"name":"foo","email":"foo@foobar.com","interest":["wordpress","php"]} '; $obj=json_decode($json_string); echo $obj->name; //prints foo echo $obj->interest[1]; //prints php

      8. PHP解析 XML 數據

    //xml string $xml_string="<?xml version='1.0'?> <users> <user id='398'> <name>Foo</name> <email>foo@bar.com</name> </user> <user id='867'> <name>Foobar</name> <email>foobar@foo.com</name> </user> </users>"; //load the xml string using simplexml $xml = simplexml_load_string($xml_string); //loop through the each node of user foreach ($xml->user as $user) { //access attribute echo $user['id'], ' '; //subnodes are accessed by -> operator echo $user->name, ' '; echo $user->email, '<br />'; }

      9. PHP創建日誌縮略名

      創建用戶友好的日誌縮略名。

    functiоn create_slug($string){ $slug=preg_replace('/[^A-Za-z0-9-]+/', '-', $string); return $slug; }

      10. PHP獲取客戶端真實 IP 地址

      該函數將獲取用戶的真實 IP 地址,即便他使用X服務器。

    functiоn getRealIpAddr() { if (!emptyempty($_SERVER['HTTP_CLIENT_IP'])) { $ip=$_SERVER['HTTP_CLIENT_IP']; } elseif (!emptyempty($_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR'])) //to check ip is pass from proxy { $ip=$_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR']; } else { $ip=$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR']; } return $ip; }

      11. PHP強制性文件下載

      為用戶提供強制性的文件下載功能。

    /******************** *@file - path to file */ 
    functiоn force_download($file) { if ((isset($file))&&(file_exists($file))) { header("Content-length: ".filesize($file)); header('Content-Type: application/octet-stream'); header('Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="' . $file . '"'); readfile("$file"); } else { echo "No file selected"; } }

      12. PHP創建標籤雲

    functiоn getCloud( $data = array(), $minFontSize = 12, $maxFontSize = 30 ) { $minimumCount = min( array_values( $data ) ); $maximumCount = max( array_values( $data ) ); $spread = $maximumCount - $minimumCount; $cloudHTML = ''; $cloudTags = array(); $spread == 0 && $spread = 1; foreach( $data as $tag => $count ) { $size = $minFontSize + ( $count - $minimumCount ) * ( $maxFontSize - $minFontSize ) / $spread; $cloudTags[] = '<a style="font-size: ' . floor( $size ) . 'px' . '" href="#" title="\'' . $tag . '\' returned a count of ' . $count . '">' . htmlspecialchars( stripslashes( $tag ) ) . '</a>'; } return join( "\n", $cloudTags ) . "\n"; } /************************** **** Sample usage ***/ $arr = Array('Actionscript' => 35, 'Adobe' => 22, 'Array' => 44, 'Background' => 43, 'Blur' => 18, 'Canvas' => 33, 'Class' => 15, 'Color Palette' => 11, 'Crop' => 42, 'Delimiter' => 13, 'Depth' => 34, 'Design' => 8, 'Encode' => 12, 'Encryption' => 30, 'Extract' => 28, 'Filters' => 42); echo getCloud($arr, 12, 36);

      13. PHP尋找兩個字符串的相似性

      PHP 提供了一個極少使用的 similar_text 函數,但此函數非常有用,用於比較兩個字符串並返回相似程度的百分比。

    similar_text($string1, $string2, $percent); //$percent will have the percentage of similarity

      14. PHP在應用程序中使用 Gravatar 通用頭像

      隨着 WordPress 越來越普及,Gravatar 也隨之流行。由於 Gravatar 提供了易於使用的 API,將其納入應用程序也變得十分方便。

    /****************** *@email - Email address to show gravatar for *@size - size of gravatar *@default - URL of default gravatar to use *@rating - rating of Gravatar(G, PG, R, X) */ 
     
    functiоn show_gravatar($email, $size, $default, $rating) { echo '<img src="http://www.gravatar.com/avatar.php?gravatar_id='.md5($email). '&default='.$default.'&size='.$size.'&rating='.$rating.'" width="'.$size.'px" height="'.$size.'px" />'; }

      15. PHP在字符斷點處截斷文字

      所謂斷字 (word break),即一個單詞可在轉行時斷開的地方。這一函數將在斷字處截斷字符串。

    // Original PHP code by Chirp Internet: www.chirp.com.au 
    // Please acknowledge use of this code by including this header. functiоn myTruncate($string, $limit, $break=".", $pad="...") { // return with no change if string is shorter than $limit if(strlen($string) <= $limit) return $string; // is $break present between $limit and the end of the string? if(false !== ($breakpoint = strpos($string, $break, $limit))) { if($breakpoint < strlen($string) - 1) { $string = substr($string, 0, $breakpoint) . $pad; } } return $string; } /***** Example ****/ $short_string=myTruncate($long_string, 100, ' ');

      16. PHP文件 Zip 壓縮

    /* creates a compressed zip file */ 
    functiоn create_zip($files = array(),$destination = '',$overwrite = false) { 
    //if the zip file already exists and overwrite is false, return false if(file_exists($destination) && !$overwrite) { return false; } //vars $valid_files = array(); //if files were passed in... if(is_array($files)) { //cycle through each file foreach($files as $file) { //make sure the file exists if(file_exists($file)) { $valid_files[] = $file; } } } //if we have good files... if(count($valid_files)) { //create the archive $zip = new ZipArchive(); if($zip->open($destination,$overwrite ? ZIPARCHIVE::OVERWRITE : ZIPARCHIVE::CREATE) !== true) { return false; } //add the files foreach($valid_files as $file) { $zip->addFile($file,$file); } //debug //echo 'The zip archive contains ',$zip->numFiles,' files with a status of ',$zip->status; //close the zip -- done! $zip->close(); //check to make sure the file exists return file_exists($destination); } else { return false; } } /***** Example Usage ***/ $files=array('file1.jpg', 'file2.jpg', 'file3.gif'); create_zip($files, 'myzipfile.zip', true);

      17. PHP解壓縮 Zip 文件

    /********************** *@file - path to zip file *@destination - destination directory for unzipped files */ functiоn unzip_file($file, $destination){ // create object $zip = new ZipArchive() ; // open archive if ($zip->open($file) !== TRUE) { die (’Could not open archive’); } // extract contents to destination directory $zip->extractTo($destination); // close archive $zip->close(); echo 'Archive extracted to directory'; }

      

    18. PHP為 URL 地址預設 http 字符串

      有時需要接受一些表單中的網址輸入,但用戶很少添加 http:// 字段,此代碼將為網址添加該字段。

    if (!preg_match("/^(http|ftp):/", $_POST['url'])) { $_POST['url'] = 'http://'.$_POST['url']; }

      19. PHP將網址字符串轉換成超級鏈接

      該函數將 URL 和 E-mail 地址字符串轉換為可點擊的超級鏈接。

    functiоn makeClickableLinks($text) { $text = eregi_replace('(((f|ht){1}tp://)[-a-zA-Z0-9@:%_+.~#?&//=]+)', '<a href="\1">\1</a>', $text); $text = eregi_replace('([[:space:]()[{}])(www.[-a-zA-Z0-9@:%_+.~#?&//=]+)', '\1<a href="http://\2">\2</a>', $text); $text = eregi_replace('([_.0-9a-z-]+@([0-9a-z][0-9a-z-]+.)+[a-z]{2,3})', '<a href="mailto:\1">\1</a>', $text); return $text; }

      20. PHP調整圖像尺寸

      創建圖像縮略圖需要許多時間,此代碼將有助於了解縮略圖的邏輯。

    /********************** *@filename - path to the image *@tmpname - temporary path to thumbnail *@xmax - max width *@ymax - max height */ 
    functiоn resize_image($filename, $tmpname, $xmax, $ymax) { $ext = explode(".", $filename); $ext = $ext[count($ext)-1]; if($ext == "jpg" || $ext == "jpeg") $im = imagecreatefromjpeg($tmpname); elseif($ext == "png") $im = imagecreatefrompng($tmpname); elseif($ext == "gif") $im = imagecreatefromgif($tmpname); $x = imagesx($im); $y = imagesy($im); if($x <= $xmax && $y <= $ymax) return $im; if($x >= $y) { $newx = $xmax; $newy = $newx * $y / $x; } else { $newy = $ymax; $newx = $x / $y * $newy; } $im2 = imagecreatetruecolor($newx, $newy); imagecopyresized($im2, $im, 0, 0, 0, 0, floor($newx), floor($newy), $x, $y); return $im2; }

      21. PHP檢測 ajax 請求

      大多數的 JavaScript 框架如 jquery,Mootools 等,在發出 Ajax 請求時,都會發送額外的 HTTP_X_REQUESTED_WITH 頭部信息,頭當他們一個ajax請求,因此你可以在服務器端偵測到 Ajax 請求。

    if(!emptyempty($_SERVER['HTTP_X_REQUESTED_WITH']) && strtolower($_SERVER['HTTP_X_REQUESTED_WITH']) == 'xmlhttprequest'){ //If AJAX Request Then }else{ //something else }

    以上就是21個php常用方法匯總的詳細內容!


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